Top 10 Species Rediscovered This Century

Taxon, or a Lazarus species, is one which is regarded as extinct. The coelecanth is perhaps the most well-known example, yet this list looks at a few of the more recent rediscoveries, to emphasize exciting discoveries are being made on a regular basis and that work is going on. The list contains, reptiles, birds, amphibians and mammals. It’s far from really being a certain list, more a sample of what’s available. The species are listed in no specific sequence.

10
Mount Diablo Buckwheat
Eriogonum truncatum

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Believed extinct: 1936
Rediscovered: 2005
Present status: Critically Endangered

This inconspicuous, small pink blossom might be not the most exciting of species, but it became a “holy grail” in the East Bay region for botanists. The bloom is among just three species of plant which are endemic to Mount Diablo in Northern California, and was last sighted in 1936, and presumed extinct as a result of its habitat. Survey excursions were ran on the mountain, but were unsuccessful in discovering the plant until 2005, when graduate student Michael Park trekked out to some more distant place and took an alternative path from his standard survey. There, he stumbled upon about 20 of the plants. Now, the plant continues to be considered critically endangered, though seeds gathered from the 2005 samples have grown at Berkeley at UC Botanical Gardens.

9
Lord Howe Stick Insect
Dryococelus australis

Lord Howe Island Stick Insect Dryococelus Australis 10June2011 Palmnursery

Believed extinct: 1930
Rediscovered: 2001
Present status: Critically Endangered

As 30 people were discovered this big stick insect was dubbed “the rarest insect in the word” on its rediscovery. They were rediscovered on a single little uninhabited islet called Ball’s Pyramid. These big, wingless insects were common on the islands, but the population dwindled after rats landed they became the rodents’ primary source of food and when a supply ship, the SS Makambo, ran aground there. Hopes the creatures had lived were rekindled when climbers in the 1960s discovered just dead specimens. Living specimens were discovered in February 2001. There are about 450 people, with a few being returned with their own original habitat of Lord Howe Island now. Additionally, there are strategies to eradicate the rat population to provide an opportunity to boom to the insects.

8
Black Kokanee
Oncorhynchus nerka kawamurae

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Believed extinct: 1940
Rediscovered: 2010
Present status: Inadequate Info

This Japanese fish, a subspecies of salmon, was believed to have grown to be extinct when Lake Tazawa, its native habitat, was fitted having a hydro electric project, making its water more acidic. This is believed to get been unsuccessful when a team of researchers at Kyoto University along with scientist Tetsuji Nakabo discovered living specimens in Lake Saiko although eggs were carried to Lake Saiko, about 300 miles away.

7
Painted Frog
Atelopus ebenoides

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Believed extinct: 1995
Rediscovered: 2006
Present status: Critically Endangered

Native merely to Colombia, this amphibian, in 1995, was sighted before its rediscovery, and was believed to get been a casualty of the fungal disease chytridiomycosis that has led to a worldwide decline in amphibian populations. When it had been seen by Professor Carlos Rocha plus a team of research workers from Pedagogical and Technological University of Colombia efforts to find the creature proved fruitless until May 2006. The rediscovery gave scientists hope that some amphibians were developing resistance to the illness.

6
Bavarian Pine Vole
Microtus bavaricus

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Believed extinct: 1962
Rediscovered: 2000/2001
Present status: Critically Endangered

The rediscovery of the little rodent, indigenous to the Alpine areas of Italy, Austria and Bavaria, is fascinating as it reveals how much time it will often take to get a creature formerly considered extinct to be understood as extant. The mammal was recorded in Garmisch Partenkirchen, Bavaria, which at that time was the vole’s simply known place, in 1962. It had been feared extinct when the last of the hayfields which it inhabited were paved over and built on. Nevertheless, a population of the creatures was found in the Austrian Tyrol in 1976/77, but being Bavarian Pine Voles until 2000., these weren’t verified as Coincidentally, Frederike Spitzenberger, the subsequent year, a Viennese research scientist, found a live specimen in a snare, and additional DNA tests demonstrated this creature was, truly, a Bavarian pine vole. Its present population is unfortunately falling, and less than 50 people are gathered. It discovered exclusively in a single place in the Rofan Mountains, Northern Tyrol, Austria, and is known as extinct in Germany.

5
Cuban Solenodon
Solenodon cubanus

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Last specimen seen: 1890
Formally declared extinct: 1970
Rediscovered: 2003
Present status: Endangered

A Cuban Solenedon filmed was caught, analyzed for 2 days and released back to the wild, although not before being given the name Alejandrito. Alejandrito was just the 37th Cuban Solenadon to happen to be recorded. The venomous creature that is tiny is endemic to Cuba, and was initially uncovered by German naturalist Wilhelm Peters in 1861, no specimens have been uncovered since 1890, and also 1970 worried extinct the creature. Were no additional sightings until 2003. but there’s little info on these unique specimens, and although three specimens were found in 1974/75, No additional living specimens are found since 2003, however a dead one was detected in 2005.

4
La Palma Giant Lizard
Gallotia auaritae

Lapalmalizard

Presumed extinct for 500 years
Rediscovered: 2007
Present status: Critically Endangered

They do concur the downfall of the reptile began at across the time people started to inhabit the Canary Islands, although scientists do’t appear in order to pin point an exact date for the extinction of the creature. Once more, rats and their part played in population in the creatures’ decline, as did human eating and loss in habitat. It had been considered to are becoming extinct around 500 years past. The critter was found in 2007, when a research worker in the wildlife association IREC, Luis Enrique Minguez, photographed the creature while trekking. Additional research reasoned it was a La Palma Giant Lizard. Interestingly, two other presumed extinct reptiles were also rediscovered on the Canary Islands, the El Hierro Giant Lizard in 1974, and La Gomera Giant Lizards in 1996.

3
Terror Skink
Phoboscincus bocourti

Scinque

Not recorded since the 1870s
Rediscovered: 2003
Present status: Endangered

Little is understood relating to this creature which, until less when compared to a decade past, was understood from merely one specimen to scientists. Both the ones found lately as well as this specimen were found on Ile de Trap in New Caledonia. In 2003, Ivan Ineich from Muséum national d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris discovered a live specimen. Before being released the creature was filmed and photographed, as well as Ineich discovered an additional person in 2005, around the uninhabited isle. Its present population is not known but estimated at less than 250 people, and is considered endangered as, although there isn’t any risk that is human, the isle is prone to wild fires and tsunamis.

2
New Zealand Storm Petrel
Oceanites maorianus

Oceanites Maorianus

Believed extinct: 1850s
Rediscovered: 2003
Present status: Critically Endangered

A few specimens had, simply known to scientists this little sea bird, similar to other creatures with this list. It was considered extinct. Its rediscovery is fascinating as it demonstrates that one picture that is equivocal often leads to results that are promising. In early 2003, some pictures that were inconclusive were taken off the Coromandel Peninsula of New Zealand’s North Island, and these were followed after in the entire year by top quality pictures as well as a video of about 10 of the fowl in the Hauraki Gulf. Live specimens were recorded in that place about two years afterwards, and they can be seen from time to time there. The existing population is not known and scientists have yet to find the fowl breeding place.

1
Banggai Crow
Corvus unicolor

Corvus Unicolor

Not recorded since 1885
Rediscovered: 2007 (confirmed 2009)
Present status: Critically Endangered

Once more, several specimens taken from an unknown isle in the Banggai archipelago of Indonesia knew to scientists solely this creature. There clearly was no evidence the fowl had continued to live after now. Though reports the fowl were seen on Peleng Island continued unconfirmed sightings, in 1991, failed to lead to anything conclusive. Throughout a survey there in 2007/8, Indonesian ornithologist Mochamad Indrawan caught and photographed the fowl, but evidence that this was a Banggai Crow just came in 2009, when Pamela C Rasmussen of the American Museum of Natural History assessed the recent discoveries and compared them with the museum specimens. Its present population is believed to be around 500 people, and Mochamad Indrawan is involved with protecting and demanding the neighborhood people the species, which are hunted and eaten by the neighborhood people.

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Ivory-billed Woodpecker
Campephilus principalis

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Extinct: Circa 1944
Present status: Unknown

I ‘ve included this as a bonus, as discussion continues to be continuing as to the standing of the ivory-billed woodpecker. Up to now, signs of its own existence has not been conclusive and no specimens dead or living, happen to be caught. The American Birding Association describes the fowl as unquestionably, or likely, extinct, although the IUCN lists the fowl as endangered. The past recorded conclusive signs of the fowl’s existence in the USA was in 1944, but it was sighted as late as 1987 in Cuba. Where the bird resided because the 1990s, there have been many expeditions to the bayous of Louisiana. But, while videos and sound recordings happen to be made, all these are considered inconclusive, the audio records have already been declared to be far off gunshot sounds as well as the video could possibly be a pileated woodpecker. While some scientists are willing to consider the bird is living, without evidence the standing of the ivory-billed woodpecker stays a puzzle.